Originally constructed as a Federal Building and United States Post Office, the building dates 1911. James Knox Taylor was Supervising Architect for the United States Treasury, and he is credited with designing the building along with other significant public structures of the time including buildings at Ellis Island, the Philadelphia Mint, the Denver Mint and the Governor's Mansion in Alaska. Having served as the Post Office until the 1960's, the building was vacated when a newer building was constructed blocks away on College Street.

The building was first returned to service as the Newberry Saluda Regional Library. Having ownership transferred to Newberry County, the building was re-purposed to serve as the library for nearly fifty years. When the new library was constructed, again blocks away but this time on Friend Street, the building once again awaited new life. When the Newberry County Historical and Museum Society joined forces with the Newberry College Archives Committee with the goal of establishing a museum in what then became known to as "the Taylor Building". Newberry County Council was approached in 2013 to request that the building be designed as The Newberry Museum. Realizing that significant funding would be needed to remodel the building, a grassroots effort was initiated to promote the project for the 2016 Capital Project Sales Tax referendum. Gratefully, the museum was allocated $2.2 million for the restoration when the citizens of Newberry County approved the continuation of the penny sales tax.


Architect Michael Kohn of Columbia, SC was chosen for the restoration project with Mar Construction as the General Contractor and Cummings Construction as the Construction Manager. Work began in the Spring of 2018. Initially, the building was in a blank slate, but over the months, the design process and work began to bring the building back to service. Incorporating an elevator tower and courtyard with handicap ramping, the exterior of the building adds not only accessibility, but an outdoor space for visitor enjoyment. Inside, a mezzanine expands the display space above the main floor.


Due to extensive rains, the renovation of the museum has extended into the Spring of 2019.  Upon completion of the building and grounds, work will begin immediately to furnish the building and to install exhibits and technology. At this time a definitive date for opening has not been set, but plans are to open by the Fall of 2019.